Hong Kong Med J 1998;4:395-9 | Number 4, December 1998
SEMINAR PAPERS--PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
Osteoporosis--is it really preventable?
EMC Lau, J Woo
Department of Community and Family Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Lek Yuen Health Centre, Shatin, Hong Kong
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem in Hong Kong. For instance, in 1995, a total of 3783 hip fractures occurred, with an associated acute care cost of HK$150 million. Thirty percent of elderly women in Hong Kong are known to have one or more vertebral fractures. The main risk factors for osteoporotic fracture in the Hong Kong Chinese population include a low dietary calcium intake, an inactive lifestyle, smoking, and frequent falls. Prevention for high-risk individuals involves the bone mineral density measurement followed by drug treatment. In a population-based approach, the entire population is targeted for the removal of risk factors. Osteoporosis in Hong Kong is potentially preventable, provided that the medical profession and the public can be motivated to participate, and adequate resources allocated for its prevention and treatment.
Key words: Exercise; Fractures; Mass screening; Osteoporosis; Risk
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