About this website
This website is hosted, produced and maintained by the HKAM Press. Copyright © 1995-2024 Hong Kong Academy of Medicine. All rights reserved. Comments and suggestions regarding the HKMJ paper version and website are welcome. Please contact the Managing Editor by sending an email to hkmj@hkam.org.hk.
HKMJ is an open-access journal with all its content freely available on its website. Readers may reproduce or store copies of HKMJ articles provided that the articles are used only for their personal, non-commercial use. Any uses and/or copies of this Journal in whole or in part must include the customary bibliographic citation, including author attribution, date, article title, Hong Kong Medical Journal, and the URL http://www.hkmj.org and MUST include a copy of the copyright notice. User may only use the copyrighted material in the form presented by HKMJ and HKMJ’s copyrighted material may not be altered or varied, nor may any derivative works be produced based on the copyrighted materials.
Documents from this website may be downloaded, distributed, and shared in any format for non-commercial purposes only. In the case of documents or portions of documents contributed by private companies or organisations, or URL links to third-party sites (ie where the root is not hkmj.org.hk or hkam.org.hk or hkma.com.hk), other parties may retain all rights to publish or reproduce these documents. The HKMJ, HKAM, and HKMA are not responsible for the availability or content of external websites (ie where the root is not hkmj.org.hk or hkam.org.hk or hkma.com.hk), and they do not endorse, warrant, or guarantee the products, services or information described or offered at these other Internet sites.
Documents on this site may not be used for commercial purposes without written permission. If you would like to request permission, please send an email to hkmj@hkam.org.hk with full details of your request (eg journal article, type of request, and your contact information). The HKMJ, HKAM, and HKMA do not endorse or recommend any commercial products, processes, or services, and they do not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed on this website. It is not the intention of this website to provide specific medical advice, and users are advised to consult with a qualified physician about specific medical matters.
Link to HKMJ
The URL of Hong Kong Medical Journal website is:
The homepage of this website may be linked to by a URL link in non-commercial websites without permission; a separate browser window is recommended. Links made by non-commercial websites to specific HTML abstracts or full-text HTML and pdf documents on this website are allowed, but the URL must remain unchanged; we recommend that webmasters contact the Editorial Office when URL links are made, so that we can give notice if the directory paths are reorganised.