Environmental risk factors of prostate cancer: a case-control study
LA Tse1, WM Ho2, F Wang1, YH He3, CF Ng4
1 Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
2 Department of Clinical Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital
3 Guilin Medical College, Guangxi Province, China
4 SH Ho Urology Centre, Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
1. This study provides the first epidemiological evidence on the link between chronic bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and prostate cancer risk.
2. Policies to remove toxicant BPA at source should be implemented to ameliorate prostate cancer risk. Personalised education programmes should be implemented to modify unhealthy dietary habits and avoid hazardous working schedules that disrupt the circadian rhythm.
3. The validated assessment tool can be used as a reasonable reference in the Hong Kong population to identify potential sources of BPA exposure via the route of ingestion and evaluate the exposure level in daily living.