Formula-feeding and the risk of type-2 diabetes mellitus among Hong Kong adolescents
LL Hui1, SL Lee2, MK Kwok1, CW Yu3, CM Schooling1,4
1 School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong
2 Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The University of Hong Kong
3 Department of Health and Physical Education, The Education University of Hong Kong
4 CUNY School of Public Health and Hunter College, New York, USA
1. Compared with exclusive breastfeeding, formula-feeding in the first 3 months of life is associated with poorer lipid profile and possibly greater insulin resistance but not greater adiposity at age 17.5 years.
2. Early infant nutrition may affect long-term health; therefore, breastfeeding should be encouraged.
3. Further studies are warranted, to investigate the effects of infant feeding on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance later in life.