Hong Kong Med J 2004;10:211-3 | Number 3, June 2004
A case of cerebellar hypoplasia in a Chinese infant with osteogenesis imperfecta
LJ Zhou, PL Khong, KY Wong, GC Ooi
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
We report a unique case of unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia in a young Chinese girl with osteogenesis imperfecta type IV. Magnetic resonance imaging showed mild basilar invagination and impression. Although unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia and osteogenesis imperfecta may have been coincidental diagnoses, we propose possible mechanisms for unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia secondary to osteogenesis imperfecta. For example, cerebellar hypoplasia may have been because of vascular disruption or direct compression to the posterior circulation in utero. Foetuses with osteogenesis imperfecta are more susceptible to the above risks compared to the normal foetus because of associated craniocervical anomalies and a poorly ossified skull.
Key words: Arnold-chiari malformation; Magnetic resonance imaging; Osteogenesis imperfecta
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