Hong Kong Med J 2003;9:381-3 | Number 5, October 2003
A case of partial trisomy 13 presenting with hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia
YK Shiu, FM Lo, TS Lam, CB Chow
Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Laichikok, Hong Kong
We report on a newborn baby with partial trisomy 13 who presented with multiple dysmorphic features and hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. Cytogenetic study on peripheral blood lymphocytes showed 47,XY,+mar in all cells analysed; fluorescent in situ hybridisation showed that the marker was solely derived from chromosome 13. The final karyotype was 47,XY,+del(13)(q14q32). Milk formula through a nasogastric drip and intravenous glucose infusion were given to prevent further hypoglycaemia. However, the baby developed occasional episodes of hypoglycaemia during bolus feeding. Hence, diazoxide was given, at a dosage of 10 mg/kg per day from day 24. Thereafter, no hypoglycaemic episodes were detected. Subsequent follow-up revealed satisfactory growth, global developmental delay, and left divergent squint.
Key words: Hyperinsulinism; Hypoglycemia; Trisomy
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