Hong Kong Med J 2002;8:292-4 | Number 4, August 2002
Cerebral infarct mimicking glioma in Sjogren’s syndrome
MS Koh, KYC Goh, C Chen, HS Howe
Department of Neurosurgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore
A 50-year-old Chinese woman with a chronic 20-year history of ataxic gait associated with dry eyes and mouth, was admitted to hospital after a single episode of syncope. Magnetic resonance imaging scans showed a large left frontal hypodense lesion suggestive of a glioma. Craniotomy was performed and the lesion excised, with histology showing only infarcted tissue and no malignant cells. Further diagnostic evaluation revealed that the patient had primary Sjogren’s syndrome, with demyelinating polyneuropathy. In the absence of risk factors for stroke, it was considered likely that the cerebral infarct was secondary to autoimmune-related vasculitis. Functional neuroimaging, such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy, should be considered in evaluating doubtful or unusual brain lesions in patients with autoimmune disease.
Key words: Cerebral infarction; Glioma; Magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Sjogren’s syndrome
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