Hong Kong Med J 2001;7:34-9 | Number 1, March 2001
Surgical management of Parkinson's disease: a critical review
DTM Chan, VCT Mok, WS Poon, KN Hung, XL Zhu
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
Parkinson's disease is a progressive disabling movement disorder that is characterised by three cardinal symptoms: resting tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia. Before the availability of effective medical treatment with levodopa and stereotactic neurosurgery, the objective of surgical management was to alleviate symptoms such as tremor at the expense of motor deficits. Levodopa was the first effective medical treatment for Parkinson's disease, and surgical treatment such as stereotactic thalamotomy became obsolete. After one decade of levodopa therapy, however, drug-induced dyskinesia had become a source of additional disability not amenable to medical treatment. Renewed interest in stereotactic functional neurosurgery to manage Parkinson's disease has been seen since the 1980s. Local experience of deep-brain stimulation is presented and discussed in this paper. Deep-brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus is an effective treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease, although evidence from randomised control trials is lacking.
Key words: Electric stimulation; Globus pallidus/surgery; Parkinson disease; Stereotactic techniques; Subthalamic nuclei/surgery; Thalamus/surgery
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