ABSTRACT

Hong Kong Med J 2000;6:307-11 | Number 3, September 2000
MEDICAL PRACTICE
Intra-operative blood loss and operating time in orthognathic surgery using induced hypotensive general anaesthesia: prospective study
CNF Yu, TK Chow, ASK Kwan, SL Wong, SC Fung
Department of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, United Christian Hospital, Kwun Tong, Hong Kong
 
 
We investigated the average operating time and extent of intra-operative blood loss in orthognathic surgeries performed using induced hypotensive general anaesthesia, with the intention of devising a practical guideline for blood unit preparation for these procedures. We prospectively studied 32 Chinese patients undergoing surgery to correct dentofacial deformities at a public hospital in Hong Kong from 1 December 1997 to 1 December 1998. Most patients (72.4%) needed double-jaw surgery. The mean estimated blood loss was approximately 617.6 mL. The blood loss during simple Le Fort I osteotomies was about half that of multiple segmentalised osteotomies. For mandibular ramus osteotomies, the mean blood loss and operating time for were approximately 280 mL and 2 hours, respectively; for anterior mandibular osteotomies, the corresponding values were 171.3 mL and 1 hour 13 minutes. The average drop in the haematocrit value was 15.4%, and the crossmatch to transfusion ratio was 29. A bivariate correlation test between the blood loss and operating time gave a strong correlation (P
 
Key words: Anesthesia, general/methods; Blood loss, surgical; Hypotension, controlled; Surgery, oral
 
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