Hong Kong Med J 2000;6:53-9 | Number 1, March 2000
SEMINAR PAPERS--DIABETES MELLITUS IN ASIA
Diagnosing diabetes mellitus in the Asian population
Department of Medicine, Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital, Tai Po, Hong Kong
Western guidelines have been used to diagnose diabetes mellitus in Asia. The increased availability of data from Asian populations, however, has made it apparent that modifications to western guidelines are needed when they are used in Asia. Both the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization have recently modified their diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus. The implications of these new criteria in Asia are discussed in this paper. The significance of using fasting plasma glucose measurements and/or oral glucose tolerance tests in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is analysed. A simple approach to diagnose diabetes mellitus in the Hong Kong Chinese population is also suggested.
Key words: Blood glucose/analysis, Diabetes mellitus; Ethnic groups; Predictive value of tests
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