Hong Kong Med J 2013;19:207–13 | Number 3, June 2013 | Epub 6 May 2013
DOI: 10.12809/hkmj133914
Aspirin desensitisation for Chinese patients with coronary artery disease
Joe KT Lee, KL Tsui, CY Cheung, CH Chau, HL Chan, KL Wu, Gary SH Cheung, MC Choi, KK Chan, SK Li
Department of Medicine, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Chai Wan, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVE. To assess the efficacy and safety of aspirin desensitisation in Chinese patients with coronary artery disease.
DESIGN. Case series.
SETTING. A regional hospital in Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. Chinese patients with coronary artery disease and a history of a hypersensitivity reaction to aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, who underwent aspirin desensitisation between February 2008 and July 2012.
RESULTS. There were 24 Chinese patients with coronary artery disease who were admitted to our unit for aspirin desensitisation during this period. The majority (79%) were clinical admissions for desensitisation; eight (33%) of them developed a hypersensitivity reaction during desensitisation. Half of the latter had only limited cutaneous reactions and were able to complete the desensitisation protocol and developed aspirin tolerance. Overall, 20 (83%) of the patients were successfully desensitised at the initial attempt. No serious adverse reactions occurred in the cohort. Twelve of the patients had significant coronary artery disease revealed by coronary angiography and received a percutaneous coronary intervention, nine of whom received drug-eluting stents while three received bare metal stents due to financial constraints. All 11 successfully desensitised patients received aspirin and clopidogrel as double antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention. The remaining patient had a bare metal stent implant due to failed aspirin desensitisation.
CONCLUSION. Given the potentially different genetic basis of aspirin hypersensitivity in different ethnicities, recourse to desensitisation in the Chinese population has not previously been addressed. This study demonstrated that aspirin desensitisation using a rapid protocol can be performed effectively and safely in Chinese patients. Our results were comparable to those in other reported studies involving other ethnicities. Successful aspirin desensitisation permits patients to pursue long-term double antiplatelet therapy that includes aspirin after percutaneous coronary intervention, and thus allows the use of drug-eluting stents as a feasible option.
Key words: Anti-inflammatory agents, non-steroidal; Aspirin; Coronary artery disease; Desensitization, immunologic
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