Hong Kong Med J 2007;13:379-81 | Number 5, October 2007
Seasonal variations in non-traumatic major lower limb amputation in Hong Kong Chinese diabetic patients
HB Leung, YC Ho, WC Wong, Jeff Guerin
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kwong Wah Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong (currently at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong)
OBJECTIVES. To study the relationship between hospitalisation for diabetic foot complications, non-traumatic major lower limb amputations, and seasonal variation in humidity and temperature.
DESIGN. Retrospective study.
SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. Diabetic patients hospitalised for lower limbs infection during the inclusive period 1995 to 2004.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Monthly incidence of admissions for diabetic foot sepsis and non-traumatic non-neoplastic major lower limb amputations correlated with the monthly average humidity and temperature.
RESULTS. During the study period, a total of 770 patients contributed to 1285 episodes of hospitalisation and ensued 208 corresponding major lower limb amputations. Poisson regression study showed that the monthly incidences of hospitalisation as well as amputations were related to the monthly average temperature (P
CONCLUSION. The warm and humid weather of Hong Kong exerts a seasonal variation on the diabetic foot infection presentations. Warm temperature aggravates the severity of infection and precipitates amputation. More intensive patient education and clustering of medical services in late winter and spring might reduce the incidence of diabetic foot amputation, which is a preventable complication.
Key words: Amputation; Diabetes mellitus; Humidity; Seasons; Temperature
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