Hong Kong Med J 2006;12:15-20 | Number 1, February 2006
Tension-free vaginal tape sling procedure for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in Hong Kong women with and without pelvic organ prolapse: 1-year outcome study
SK Yip, MW Pang
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVE. To assess the outcome of patients who underwent a tension-free vaginal tape sling procedure alone versus patients who underwent concomitant pelvic floor surgery.
DESIGN. Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING. Urogynaecology unit of a university teaching hospital, Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. Patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe urodynamic stress incontinence and underwent a tension-free vaginal tape sling procedure from September 1999 to August 2004.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Objective cure rate of stress urinary incontinence 1 year following tension-free vaginal tape sling procedure was assessed. Patients were considered objectively cured if no stress urinary incontinence was evident on urodynamic studies at 1-year follow-up. Subjective cure rates at 4 months and 1 year after tension-free vaginal tape sling procedure were also assessed. Other outcome measures included intra-operative and perioperative complication rates, and the rate of de-novo detrusor overactivity at 1 year.
RESULT. Of 302 patients recruited, 250 (82.8%) completed 1-year follow-up. There were 157 (62.8%) patients who had a tension-free vaginal tape sling alone, and 93 (37.2%) had tension-free vaginal tape sling and concomitant pelvic floor surgery for pelvic organ prolapse. All patients had urodynamic studies before and 1 year following surgery. The objective cure rate was 87.3% for patients with tension-free vaginal tape sling alone, and 80.6% for tension-free vaginal tape sling with concomitant procedures (Chi squared test, P>0.05). The subjective cure rates for tension-free vaginal tape sling alone and tension-free vaginal tape sling plus concomitant procedures were 89.2% and 86.0% at 4 months, and 93.0% and 94.6% at 1 year, respectively (Chi squared test, P>0.05). The most common complication was postoperative urinary retention (15.2%), followed by de-novo detrusor overactivity at 1 year (10%), and bladder perforation (8%).
CONCLUSION. The tension-free vaginal tape sling procedure alone or in combination with pelvic floor surgery are equally effective for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence.
Key words: Surgical procedures, operative; Urinary incontinence, stress; Urodynamics; Uterine prolapse; Vagina
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