Hong Kong Med J 2002;8:202-6 | Number 3, June 2002
Primary hyperoxaluria: a rare but important cause of nephrolithiasis
PN Wong, GMW Tong, KY Lo, SK Mak, ELK Law, AKM Wong
Renal Unit, Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Kwong Wah Hospital, 25 Waterloo Road, Hong Kong
We report on a middle-aged man with end-stage renal failure apparently secondary to recurrent renal stones. He developed systemic oxalosis soon after commencing dialysis. The diagnosis of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 was supported by the finding of high dialysate glycolate excretion. The patient subsequently received an isolated cadaveric renal transplant, but the outcome was a rapid recurrence of oxalosis and early graft failure. Although isolated liver or renal transplantation in addition to various adjuvant measures may be considered in the early stage, combined liver-kidney transplantation remains the only definitive therapy for a patient with end-stage renal failure and systemic oxalosis due to hyperoxaluria type 1. This case illustrates the possible late presentation of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and the poor outcome with isolated renal transplantation after the development of systemic oxalosis. One should thus have a high index of suspicion in patients with recurrent renal stones of this rare, but nevertheless important, entity.
Key words: Hyperoxaluria, primary; Kidney transplantation; Peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory
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