Hong Kong Med J 2002;8:131-5 | Number 2, April 2002
The application of clinical simulation in crisis management training
SHS Wong, KFJ Ng, PP Chen
Department of Anaesthesia, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Since it was first introduced more than 30 years ago, clinical simulation has become a popular tool for medical training, particularly in crisis management. The modern high-fidelity patient simulator consists of a whole-body mannequin with integrated electronic patient monitoring; it is controlled by computers capable of simulating numerous clinical scenarios and patient characteristics, and reacting to various interventions appropriately. Simulator training is theoretically superior to conventional training in management of rare crisis situations, as it allows unlimited practice in a safe yet familiar environment. Training in clinical skills can be developed, together with competency in crisis management behaviours such as leadership and communication skills. While there is evidence demonstrating the popularity, reliability, and validity of simulator training, its superiority over conventional training has not been proven, and research in this area is required.
Key words: Anesthesia; Computer simulation; Risk management
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