First- and second-hand harms of alcohol consumption in Hong Kong: a population-based study (abridged secondary publication)
JH Kim, RYN Chung, BHK Yip
Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
1. In Hong Kong, despite low per capita alcohol consumption levels, 18.2% of adults reported to have experienced second-hand harms in past year, whereas 21.2% of past-year drinkers reported to have experienced first-hand harms in past year.
2. Severe harms such as assault were rare, but public disturbance and lowered work productivity were common.
3. Neighbourhood alcohol outlet density was associated with being inconvenienced by inebriated drinkers.
4. There was extremely low support for regulating alcohol outlets. Hence, regular monitoring of these harms is suggested; future policy actions may target high-risk drinkers (younger drinkers and binge drinkers) through happy-hour restrictions and minimum pricing regulations.