Hong Kong Med J 2012;18:214–20 | Number 3, June 2012
Quality of life in women with urinary incontinence is impaired and comparable to women with chronic diseases
Rachel YK Cheung, Symphorosa SC Chan, Alice KW Yiu, Loreta LL Lee, Tony KH Chung
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVES. To evaluate the quality of life in women with urinary incontinence (categorised by urodynamic findings).
DESIGN. Prospective cohort study on patients.
SETTING. Urogynaecology unit of a university teaching hospital in Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. Female patients presenting to our clinic from July 2008 to December 2009 and having their urinary incontinence categorised by urodynamic study.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Patient's quality of life was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form, Urogenital Distress Inventory Short Form, and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire Short Form. Their quality of life was compared according to their urodynamic category and a subgroup analysis was performed on patients having continence surgery for urodynamic stress incontinence.
RESULTS. Among the 223 women studied, 46% had urodynamic stress incontinence, 18% had detrusor overactivity, 2% had both urodynamic stress incontinence and detrusor overactivity, and 34% had no urodynamic abnormality. In all, the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form scoring was lower than normal local population. The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form score in detrusor overactivity group was significantly lower than urodynamic stress incontinence group in vitality and mental health domains. Detrusor overactivity group also had higher scores in Incontinence Impact Questionnaire Short Form in travel, social and emotional health subscales and total score (46.3 vs 29.1; P<0.01). Women with urodynamic stress incontinence and required continence surgery had higher scores in Incontinence Impact Questionnaire Short Form.
CONCLUSION. Women with urinary incontinence had impaired quality of life and it was comparable to other chronic medical diseases. Women with detrusor overactivity have more impaired quality of life than women with urodynamic stress incontinence. Severity of urodynamic stress incontinence did not correlate with quality of life. Women who opted for continence surgery had poorer quality of life.
Key words: Quality of life; Questionnaires; Urinary incontinence; Urination
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