Hong Kong Med J 2012;18:207–13 | Number 3, June 2012
Transcatheter ablation of atrioventricular junctional re-entrant tachycardia in children and adolescents in Hong Kong: comparison of cryothermal with radiofrequency energy
Robin HS Chen, KT Wong, KS Lun, TC Yung
Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Chai Wan, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVE. To compare the outcome of cryothermal and radiofrequency energy transcatheter ablation of atrioventricular junctional re-entrant tachycardia in children and adolescents.
DESIGN. Case series with internal comparison.
SETTING. Two hospitals in Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. Consecutive transcatheter ablation procedures for atrioventricular junctional re-entrant tachycardia in children and adolescents in our unit from August 2000 to September 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Radiofrequency ablation was performed from August 2000 to June 2005, and cryoablation from July 2005 to September 2008.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Demographic data, outcome and procedural details.
RESULTS. Thirty-eight procedures were reviewed. The radiofrequency ablation group (n=20) and cryoablation group (n=18) had similar demographic characteristics, except that there were more patients with congenital heart disease in the latter group (P=0.03). Acute procedural success rate was 100% in both groups. One patient from the radiofrequency ablation group had recurrence of atrioventricular junctional re-entrant tachycardia. The frequency of post-ablation persistent heart block was higher in the radiofrequency ablation than cryoablation group (10% vs 0%, P=0.17), but this difference was not statistically significant. A shorter fluoroscopy time was noted in the cryoablation group (31 ± 13 vs 38 ± 18 minutes; P=0.03).
CONCLUSIONS. Transcatheter cryoablation for atrioventricular junctional re-entrant tachycardia in children and adolescents is as effective as radiofrequency ablation over the medium term. It has an excellent safety profile in terms of avoiding heart block.
Key words: Catheter ablation, radiofrequency; Cryosurgery; Tachycardia, atrioventricular nodal reentry
View this abstract indexed in MEDLINE: