Hong Kong Med J 2009;15:440-6 | Number 6, December 2009
Concordance between side-stream end-tidal carbon dioxide and arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure in respiratory service setting
Grace TS Law, CY Wong, CW Kwan, KY Wong, FP Wong, HN Tse
Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Kwong Wah Hospital, 25 Waterloo Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVE. To explore the correlation and concordance between end-tidal carbon dioxide and arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure, and confirm the experience of the general consensus among service environments.
DESIGN. A prospective cross-sectional analysis.
SETTING. Two respiratory service units in Hong Kong.
PARTICIPANTS. Two hundred respiratory patients were recruited, in whom 219 sets of observations were recorded. Patients deemed to require arterial blood gas determination also had their end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure measured at that time, using two LifeSense LS1-9R Capnometers.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. The agreement of end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure and arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure was studied by correlation coefficients, mean and standard deviation of their difference, and the Bland-Altman plot.
RESULTS. Overall, the correlation was low and insignificant (r=0.1185, P=0.0801). The mean of the difference was 7.2 torr (95% confidence interval, 5.5-8.9) and significant (P
CONCLUSION. End-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure did not show significant correlation or concordance with arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure, especially when supplemental oxygen was used. End-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure currently cannot replace arterial blood gas measurement as a tool for monitoring arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure. Possible reasons for the discrepancy with previous studies include small sample size in previous studies, lack of research facilities in service settings, and publication bias against negative studies.
Key words: Blood gas monitoring, transcutaneous; Capnography; Critical care; Monitoring, physiologic; Respiratory insufficiency
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