Hong Kong Med J 2009;15:267-73 | Number 4, August 2009
Usage of a fixed dose of radioactive iodine for the treatment of hyperthyroidism: one-year outcome in a regional hospital in Hong Kong
Joyce SY Yau, KS Chu, June KY Li, KW Chan, IT Lau, SW Yum, CW Chan, Loar KK Mo, WK Kwan
Department of Medicine, Yan Chai Hospital, 7-11 Yan Chai Street, Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVES. To evaluate the efficacy of a fixed dose of radioactive iodine (131-I) in the treatment of thyrotoxicosis, and to identify risk factors associated with treatment failure.
DESIGN. Retrospective study.
SETTING. Thyroid Clinic of a regional hospital in Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. Patients receiving their first dose of radioactive iodine for the treatment of thyrotoxicosis during the inclusive period September 1999 to August 2004.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Relapse rate and time to relapse. RESULTS. A total of 113 patients received a fixed dose of 5 mCi (185 MBq), 6 mCi (222 MBq), 8 mCi (296 MBq), and 10 mCi (370 MBq) 131-I in a proportion of 1:6:71:35. At 1 year, 42 (37%) of the patients had relapsed, of which 69% received a second 131-I dose. The median time to relapse after first receiving 131-I was 4 months. At 1 year, the remaining 71 (63%) of the patients were successfully treated; 46 (41%) were euthyroid, and 25 (22%) had became permanently hypothyroid. Basal free thyroxine level and goitre size were significantly associated with a relapse rate after a single dose of 131-I; larger goitres showed a trend towards high rates of relapse. Patients pretreated with propylthiouracil had a higher rate of relapse during the first year after radioactive iodine than those pretreated with carbimazole, but the difference was not significant when combined with other pretreatment variables.
CONCLUSIONS. A single fixed dose of radioactive iodine is a simple, safe, and effective treatment for hyperthyroidism. High basal free thyroxine concentration and large goitre size are associated with higher chance of relapse. Higher radioiodine doses may be considered to improve the cure rate.
Key words: Graves disease; Iodine radioisotopes; Thyrotoxicosis; Treatment failure; Treatment outcome
View this abstract indexed in MEDLINE: