Hong Kong Med J 2008;14:220-5 | Number 3, June 2008
Cerebral oximetry in cardiac surgery
ST Tan
Department of Anaesthesiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
There is a need for monitoring of cerebral perfusion during cardiac surgery to reduce neurological complications. Cerebral perfusion is a major factor for regional and global imbalance in oxygen supply-demand, which may result in brain injury following cardiac surgery. Cerebral oximetry (near infrared spectroscopy) is a means to monitor regional cerebral perfusion. It was developed as a non-invasive technology, similar to pulse oximetry, for the continuous assessment of cerebral blood flow. Published studies have demonstrated that the use of cerebral oximetry reduces both postoperative cognitive impairment and the length of hospital stay.
Key words: Cardiac surgical procedures; Monitoring, intraoperative; Oximetry; Perfusion; Spectroscopy, near-infrared metastasis
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