Hong Kong Med J 2007;13(Suppl 3):S33-5
Nutrition and physical activity as possible factors affecting bone mineral status in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: cross-sectional and case-control studies
JCY Cheng, JTF Lau, S Ho, X Guo
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
1. Calcium intake and physical activity, in particular weightbearing physical activity, were significantly associated with bone mineral density in girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) at the age of 14 years.
2. Insufficient weight-bearing exercise appeared to be a risk factor for AIS in this population. However, girls with AIS may be less inclined to exercise than those without such deformity.
3. Patients with AIS had low calcium intake and insufficient intake of plant foods, especially fruits and vegetables.