Hong Kong Med J 2004;10:312-8 | Number 5, October 2004
Short-stay in-patient rehavilitation of elderly patients with chronic obstrutive pulmonary disease: prospective study
SPS Ip, YF Leung, KL Choy
Room 818, Grand Tower, 639 Nathan Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVES. To evaluate the effectiveness of a short-stay in-patient rehabilitation programme.
DESIGN. Prospective case-control cohort study.
SETTING. Regional medical centre, Hong Kong.
PATIENTS. One hundred and thirty symptomatic elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who had been treated for an acute respiratory illness in 1998. They were divided into two groups: the conventional treatment group, which received no rehabilitation (n=65), and the rehabilitation group (n=65).
INTERVENTION. A short-stay in-patient rehabilitation programme was implemented, which included assessment, patient and caregiver education, an exercise regimen, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and case conference.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Length of stay, hospital re-admission rate, and admission-free interval.
RESULTS. The mean length of stay in the rehabilitation ward was 6.2 days. The rate of hospital re-admission was significantly higher in the conventional treatment group than in the rehabilitation group, both within 28 days of discharge home (relative risk=3.33; 95% confidence interval, 2.32-4.56; P=0.019) and at 100 days after discharge (relative risk=2.47; 95% confidence interval, 1.78-3.48; P
CONCLUSION. A short-stay in-patient rehabilitation programme is effective in reducing hospital re-admission rates. This type of rehabilitation service may be important for elderly patients, as well as for patients with more advanced disease and more functional deficits than others.
Key words: Inpatients; Length of stay; Lung disease, obstructive/rehabilitation; Outcome assessment (health care); Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive
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