Hong Kong Med J 2004;10:84-8 | Number 2, April 2004
The safety, feasibility, and acceptability of patient-controlled sedation for colonoscopy: prospective study
DWH Lee, ACW Chan, SKH Wong, ACN Li, TS Sze, SCS Chung
Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
OBJECTIVE. To assess the safety, feasibility, and acceptability of patient-controlled sedation for elective day-case colonoscopy, and the factors predicting patients' unwillingness to use patient-controlled sedation for colonoscopy.
DESIGN. Prospective, non-randomised study.
SETTING. University-affiliated endoscopy centre, Hong Kong.
PARTICIPANTS. Five hundred patients who underwent elective day-case colonoscopy were prospectively recruited from January 2001 to June 2002.
INTERVENTION. Sedation for colonoscopy was a mixture of propofol and alfentanil, which was delivered by means of a patient-controlled syringe pump. Each bolus delivered 4.8 mg propofol and 12 μg alfentanil. No loading dose was used and the lockout time was set at zero.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Cardiopulmonary complications, dose of patient-controlled sedation used, recovery time, satisfaction score, delayed side-effects, and the willingness to use the same sedation protocol for future colonoscopy. A multiple stepwise logistic regression model was used to assess which factors might predict unwillingness to use patient-controlled sedation for colonoscopy.
RESULTS. The mean (standard deviation) age of patients was 53.0 (13.9) years. The mean dose of propofol consumed was 0.93 (0.69) mg/kg. Forty-three (8.6%) patients developed hypotension during the procedure. The mean satisfaction score was 7.2 (2.6). Sixteen (3.2%) patients developed delayed side-effects. The median (interquartile range) recovery time was 0 (0-5) minutes. Approximately 78% of patients were willing to use patient-controlled sedation for future colonoscopy if needed. Younger age (
CONCLUSION. The use of patient-controlled sedation for elective colonoscopy is safe, feasible, and acceptable to most patients.
Key words: Alfentanil; Colonoscopy; Conscious sedation; Propofo
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