Hong Kong Med J 2003;9:130-2 | Number 2, April 2003
Diagnosis of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency in a neonate with thymine-uraciluria
KM Au, CK Lai, YP Yuen, CC Shek, CW Lam, AYW Chan
Department of Pathology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Princess Margaret Hospital Road, Laichikok, Hong Kong
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency is an inborn error of pyrimidine metabolism characterised by thymine-uraciluria, convulsive disorders and developmental delay in paediatric patients, and an increased risk of toxicity from 5-fluorouracil treatment. This report is of the first patient with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency diagnosed in Hong Kong. The patient was a 2-day-old male neonate of Pakistani origin who presented with convulsions. Diagnosis was made by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric detection of thymine-uraciluria and by molecular detection of a G to A point mutation in a 5’-splicing site leading to skipping of exon 14 in the DPYD gene of chromosome location 1q22. The results showed that the patient and his mother were homozygous and the father heterozygous for the splice site mutation. The mother also had thymine-uraciluria but was clinically asymptomatic.
Key words: Fluorouracil; Infant; Purine-pyrimidine metabolism, inborn errors; Thymine-uraciluria
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