Hong Kong Med J 1995;1:315-8 | Number 4, December 1995
Thyroid eye disease: a continuing challenge
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
Thyroid eye disease represents a significant cause of visual loss. All physicians should be familiar with the eye signs and symptoms and potential complications of this autoimmune disease. This paper reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, eye signs and symptoms, and current therapies for thyroid eye disease. It also examines the relationship between smoking and thyroid eye disease and assesses its impact on the Asian population.
Key words: Thyroiditis, autoimmune; Autoimmune diseases; Inflammation
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