Hong Kong Med J 2012;18:421–8 | Number 5, October 2012
Gastroesophageal reflux disease in children
XL Liu, Kenneth KY Wong
Department of Surgery, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Reflux of gastric contents is common in young infants but usually self-limiting and not pathological. Gastroesophageal reflux disease refers to persistent reflux due to pathological factors that results in significant symptoms. Patients may exhibit oesophagitis, bleeding, nutritional failure, or respiratory problems. A high index of suspicion must thus be maintained for all patients. The aim of this article was to provide a concise review of the understanding of this disease, and also to discuss current diagnosis and management strategies for children with gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Key words: Child; Fundoplication; Gastroesophageal reflux; Laparoscopy; Treatment outcome
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